Finger Sprain and its Treatment
What is Finger Sprain?
A sprain is an injury which is caused by twisting or straining of
ligaments of a joint, ligaments are flexible tissues which connects
bones and cartilages.
How does Finger Sprain occur?
A finger sprain occurs when the finger is bent in an unusual manner
causing damage to the ligaments which connect bones and cartilages. This
type of injury is common in ball games such as football, basketball,
cricket, volleyball, throw ball, etc.
Symptoms of Finger Sprain:
- Pain over the joint in the finger where the damage has occurred.
- Pain while bending the finger or stressing the injured ligament.
- Possible swelling over the joint.
- Restricted mobility and movement in the finger.
- Instability in the finger if the injury is severe or a complete rupture of the ligament has occurred.
Treatment of Finger Sprain:
- Rest the finger and apply R.I.C.E treatment (Rest , Ice , Compression , Elevation). Ice massage with a single ice cube may be suitable.
- Elevate your hand on a pillow while you are lying down or on the back of a chair or couch while you are sitting.
- Take an anti-inflammatory medication as prescribed by your doctor.
- Do exercises to strengthen your finger during the healing process.
- Tape the finger to protect it while it is healing.
When can I return to my sport or activity?
The goal of rehabilitation is to return you to your sport or activity
as soon and as safely as possible. But, if you return too soon you may
worsen your injury, which could lead to permanent damage. Everyone
recovers from injury at a different rate. Returning to your sport or
activity will be determined by your recovering ability, the sooner your
finger recovers, the sooner you can recover to your sport or activity.
Returning to your sport or activity is not determined by how many days
or weeks have passed since your injury occurred. In general, the longer
you have symptoms of the injury, the longer it will take you to get
Your doctor will recommend that your sprained finger be plastered for
1 to 4 weeks after your injury. In many cases, it happens that you are e
able to return to your activities while you are wearing the plaster.
Your finger may remain swollen with decreased range of motion and
strength for many weeks. It is important to continue your rehabilitation
exercises during this time and even after you return to your sport.
Prevention of Finger Sprain:
Finger sprains are usually the result of injuries that are not preventable.
What can the sports injury professional do?
- Provide anti-inflammatory or other pain medication.
- Advise some rehabilitation exercises to make you recover faster.
- Plaster the finger for support and prevent it from further damage.
- Operate if required for example if it is a complete rupture.